On October 12 the government that is armenian authorized a proposition to signal an agreement “between the us government for the Republic of Armenia plus the federal Government for the Russian Federation to present a state export loan.” Armenia is to utilize the mortgage, which values 100 million US bucks, to buy modern hands from Russia.
In accordance with the contract, the mortgage is to be paid back over fifteen years (2023-2037) at a 3 percent rate of interest. Armenia should be able to make use of the loan throughout the duration 2018-2022.
Interestingly, here is the 2nd loan of the type Armenia has gotten from Russia since 2015. The loan that is previous for 200 million US dollars and ended up being utilized to get advanced Russian tools.
Although the brand brand new contract clarifies it does not provide a list of items to be purchased that it should be used for purchasing modern arms from Russia and with the purpose to further develop friendly relations between the two countries.
The specialist community differs in its viewpoint how the mortgage may be utilized, supplying a range that is wide of. Most agree, nonetheless, that artillery, anti-tank tools, high-tech reconnaissance and interaction facilities, in addition to contemporary atmosphere protection systems will tend to be on Armenia’s grocery list.
The main question is why Armenia has sought a new loan now, given that the full amount of the previous loan has not yet spent (30 million US dollars remains unspent) from this perspective.
The ongoing hands competition between Azerbaijan and Armenia. In belated June 2017 Azerbaijan announced the purchase of the batch that is large of from Russia which, based on officials in Baku, had been prepared to be utilized against Nagorno-Karabakh. Not as much as 30 days later on the Armenian Minister of Finance Vardan Aramyan declared that Armenia is speaking about an innovative new loan contract to purchase Russian equipment that is military.
The approval regarding the loan contract because of the government that is armenian spot soon prior to the Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan came across their Azerbaijani counterpart Ilham Aliyev conference in Geneva on October 16. The timing of the announcement could be seen as a counterweight to Baku as the Azerbaijani side largely apply the principle of “use of force or threat of use of force” in negotiations with Armenia.
Relating to some professionals the total amount of power between Armenia and Azerbaijan ended up being restored through the prior purchase of army gear (into the framework of this previous 200 million US buck loan). The further modernisation of Armenia’s military capabilities can be seen in the logic of further enforcement of Russia’s only military ally in the region, situated on the frontline of the continuously destabilising Middle East from this perspective.
Continuing the prior concept, its notable that on September 23 Mr Sargsyan finalized a legislation to ratify the establishment of an Armenian-Russian joint army team. In this context a militarily strong Armenia could possibly be a required ally in times of worldwide uncertainties.
Last but most certainly not least may be the “Chinese element.” In September, Armenian Minister of Defense Vigen Sargsyan visited Asia and consented along with his Chinese colleague to deepen army ties involving the two nations. Because of the gradual increase of Asia, this loan could possibly be built to make sure that Armenia doesn’t expand its army cooperation beyond current parametres.
As a result, the 100 million US buck loan to get modern hands ought to be seen as a multi-faceted mixture of many elements, as a stability of power and local security within the Southern Caucasus, as counterweight to threats through the center East, plus the modernisation associated with the Armenian military.
The more fierce the armaments race between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the more dangerous the situation, which could lead to the destabilisation not only of the South Caucasus, but of a much wider Eurasian region at the same time.
The views expressed in this viewpoint editorial will be the author’s own plus don’t fundamentally reflect growing Europe’s editorial policy.